Social reality and the role of civil society institutions in Yemen

Yemeni society is conservative and interdependent society in terms of alaaelih tribal and social nature is reflected in all aspects of life and way of life and their relationships, including social, political and security conditions, the nature of the use of natural resources.  Demographic characteristics appear in Yemen that has a young with rapid population growth, with total population in 2013 about 23, 852, 400 people, of whom about 48% under 15 years of age (UNICEF, 2014), with a population growth rate of 3.2 capacity (average from 1990 to 2012), Yemen's population can grow from 2 3 million today to 50 million sometime between 2035 and 2040 (United Nations expectations for reconstruction in the world, 2011), leading to tremendous pressure on natural resources of Yemen makes the sustainability of its environment a serious challenge.

It is important to note that should read and study the statistics on Yemen always cautiously because reliable value information sources provide different results to the same indicator. For example, according to UNICEF, the urban population constitutes about 39.2% of the entire population of Yemen, while the United Nations estimated-according to World Urbanization Prospects: the revision in 2011. the urban population is approximately 34.7%. This can be explained by differences between these sources by adopting these international institutions on national sources of information inherent source of information (such as census authority in Yemen) Note that these national sources of information continues to evolve and the fact that the national population census was implemented several years ago until now.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, all relevant secondary data refers to the rapid decline in the proportion of rural population and increase in population. The joint analysis reflects both directions rates of urbanization and internal migration from rural to urban areas, thus rapidly growing demand for land and biological resources, which are mostly concentrated in the western part of Yemen.

Although Yemen has historically been a large influx of workers and permanent immigrants, social and economic pressures, social and political situation in recent years have contributed to the increase in the number of immigrants to neighboring countries, and caused the escalation of social conflicts And economic challenges, including human trafficking, illiteracy, poverty, unemployment and gender issues.  And has been the country's natural resources, because of their exposure to years of political turmoil and economic restrictions and changes to the demographic characteristics, many pressure caused the exploitation of natural resources unsustainably wotsbbt in substantial negative impacts on biodiversity.

A meeting of various negative factors affecting biodiversity in Yemen a major factor is that Yemen is currently experiencing challenges and negative environmental effects on natural habitats and critical ecosystems and biodiversity in General. These factors include the size and patch above pressures and gradual progress of environmental governance in Yemen's slow and limited effectiveness of preventive environment protection systems and weak capacity to address environmental issues and weak public environmental awareness and accelerate economic development.Read more: